Literature belonging to the genre of war often contains elements of the Gothic or Romantic, depending upon the writer’s feelings about war their work may vary between having many Gothic qualities to having a large number of Romantic characteristics. In the case of both Wilfred Owen and Sebastian Faulks, they clearly interpreted war as a horror and tragedy inflicted upon man by his own hubris, foolishness or greed. The effect of this upon their work being felt in the pity and futility with which they describe war and include the elements of the Gothic in these descriptions.
Castles, convents, haunted ruins: Strange Meeting “That sullen hall”
Dark long winding passages: Strange Meeting “Dull ponderous tunnel”
Physical+mental emprisonment: Mental cases “These are men whose minds the Dead have ravished.”
Ghosts or Sorcerers: Exposure “Gusts tugging on the wire. Like twitching agonies of men among its brmbles.” and The Kind Ghosts “They move not from her taperstries… Lest aught she be disturbed.” Hospital Barge “Which Merlin dreamed”
Dwarfs that change shape: Futility “The clay grew tall”
Castles, convents or haunted ruins: Azaire’s house, or the Brothel Stephan visits with Weir.
Dark, long, winding passages: Corridors of Azaire’s house, trenches, the tunnels.
Physical/mental imprisonment: Stephan’s emotional imprisonment about Isabella, imprisoned by the change of job, imprisoned underground, imprisoned by his fear of birds.
Ghosts, witches and Sorcerers: Aunt Elise’s appearance is streotypical of a witch, Stephan’s use of fortune telling and candle work, ghosts of Stephan’s men, ghost of Stephan to Elizabeth.
Dwarfs that change shape: Lisette in the eyes of Stephan from the childish girl to a young woman who is realising her ‘needs’ Stephan who becomes smaller, terrified and childlike at the sight of birds. Stephan changes and becomes proficient killer and soldier is irrecognisable to himself.